The constitutional issue in the inter-war period

Despite the change in the Constitution and the official proclamation of the Second Republic in March 1924, the issue of a new Constitution for the country had been pending for two years now. The Constitution that was finally adopted in 1927, while not distinguished by any particular innovations, was clearly more complete than any previous one adopted by the Greek state. Some of its elements reflected western European progressive ideas, but on the whole it was conservative. However, given the refusal of the anti-Venizelist bloc (Ioannis Metaxas excluded) to accept the results of the 1924 plebiscite concerning the Constitution, the non-validation of the foundation stone of the state is relatively easy to explain.
After the four-year governorship of Eleftherios Venizelos, through a series of well planned approaches the monarchy was restored to the scene (3 November 1935). It was evident that a Republic supported by arms and the aspirations of military groups and political figures was unreliable in its political application. It must be noted that on the part of political leaders, only Alexandros Papanastasiou had been a fervent supporter of the Republic during the whole inter-war period. The attitude of the overwhelming majority of the remaining leaders was characterized by moodiness and determined by their vested interests in the catalogue of events. In this light, the revival of the Constitutional issue yet again was basically one more attempt by the opposing blocs, Venizelists and anti-Venizelists, to seize and maintain power, often without the people's consent.