The function of state institutions in the inter-war period

The inconsistency between the rather conservative and nationalistic character of the political tradition of European countries (especially in the 1930s) and the constantly swelling social problems is remarkable. As concerns the latter, the increasing impact of mechanisms of suppression (especially security forces) and their increasing efficiency, indicates that what was sought was more control rather than solutions.
The police had been turned into an essential tool of government, playing a decisive role in matters such as 'regulating' elections. Any form of oppression and persecution of political or religious minorities, as well as of the press of the opposition, were part and parcel of their duties. Nepotism (Favouritism), the system of client relations and the deeply rooted distrust of administration - and justice - also contributed to the bankruptcy of the political system.