An Annual Journal for Culture and Technology by the Foundation of the Hellenic World
Issue 4 / 2004
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MEETING "Culture - New Technologies - Education"

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE Cultural Convergence and Digital Technology

The journal IMEros of the Foundation of the Hellenic World (FHW) organized in May 2002 at the Cultural Centre "Hellenic Cosmos" the meeting "Culture - New Technologies - Education". The objective of the meeting was to demonstrate the relations developed during the last years between research and promotion of cultural issues and phenomena within the framework of the Humanities, museology and the activity of cultural institutions through the applications of new digital technologies (Internet, electronic publications, 3D reconstructions, virtual reality) and educational practice in university level.

The presentations covered a wide range of issues: P. Konstantopoulos spoke about the "Systems of Cultural Information and Management of Cultural Heritage: Issues of Interdisciplinary Approach and Experiences from a Post Graduate Studies Programme" and V. Pappas developed "Issues on Teaching Information Technology Through the Case of Geographic Information Systems". P. Kiriakoulakos presented the "Aesthetic Trends in Informative Cinematography (1960-2000): an Anthropological Appoach". D. Papalexopoulos examined the problem "New Technologies and the Destabilized Object of (Architectural) Education" and M. Lafazani dealt with "The Transformation of the Educational Space and the Architecture of Information". Finally, P. Santorinaios spoke about "The Utilization of Robotics in Education of Digital Art. "Project Kandinsky". Kandinsky's Theories as the Pretext for the Creation of a Robot that Paints, as Well as the Comparative Study of the two Eras".

Finally, the Editorial Committee expresses its thanks to Maria Roussou and Dr Martha Mihailidou for their significant contribution to the success of the meeting.


Panos Konstantopoulos, Systems of Cultural Information and Management of Cultural Heritage. Issues of Interdisciplinary Approach and Experiences from a Post Graduate Studes Programme

One of the fields where informatics and the Humanities meet is the one of collecting, organizing, managing and processing information in order to achieve the management and study of cultural heritage data or even contemporary cultural production. This activity has assumed large proportions, which result in the need for suitably educated scientific personnel: the occasional interdisciplinary collaborations are not enough. At the same time, epistemological differences appear more clearly, which demand additional attention and perhaps will lead to interesting changes. We examine some of the issues of this interdisciplinary approach both during research at the Centre for Cultural Informatics of the Institute of Computer Science of the Foundation for Research & Technology and during the interdepartmental Programme of Post Graduate Studies at the University of Crete.

Vassilis Pappas, Issues on Teaching Information Technology through the case of Geographic Information Systems

Geographic Information Systems (G.I.S.) is a demanding and interdisciplinary branch of informatics that has more than fifteen years of history and presence in Greece as a scientific, technological and commercial subject having numerous applications and therefore a continuously increasing demand for educational and training activities and programs. All these educational activities differ in terms of approach, depth, width and characteristics of recipients, but they share a common attribute: their cognitive topic is continuously changing. More and more people are educated in new technologies, while new media appear continuously. Regarding the available software and hardware, but also the enhanced teaching abilities, new fields of applications are created every day and as a result the required knowledge and skills, therefore education, are constantly changing. This paper examines and presents, in a critical way, the methodological assumptions of G.I.S. teaching process, mainly regarding higher education, whose main thematic topic is not directly related to information technology, but they require GIS as one of their main methodological and technological tools.

Panagiotis Kyriakoulakos, Aesthetics Trends in Informative Cinematography (1960-2000): An Anthropological Approach

The simultaneous study of the development of the technological tools and the aesthetic trends in informative cinematography allows us to ascertain the technical foundations of representation in art and demonstrates the common roots of the abstract and the visual. Information cinematography is the principal field of application of the theory of Andre Leroi-Gourhan regarding the language of forms, as presented in his important treatise Gesture and Speech. The analysis of the techniques of materializing composite short films that are at the borderline of the two aesthetic tendencies mentioned above demonstrates the common anthropological basis, which supports the aesthetical enjoyment derived from viewing these films.

Dimitris Papalexopoulos, New Technologies and the Destabilized Object of (Architectural) Education

To the destabilized object of architectural theory and practice corresponds a destabilized object of architectural university education. The artefacts lose (again) their autonomy, are transformed into web sites, and finally they are identified as "almost objects". The question is whether these correspond to "almost architects". Since new fields of activities appear continuously, the University should restructure its educational and research direction. Therefore, we start to talk about cultural co-productions and not about the simple communication of information or knowledge. At the same time, attractive suggestions emphasise its role as the manager and producer of information and not just as the creator of opinions.
For the examination of the above, we suggest a reference to an educational practice that deals with the alterations of architecture in information society (, where successively, during the last years there has been a reference to the design of libraries, museums and universities in information society, as well as the creation of new fields of activity.
What we propose is that the University does not have any other option than becoming one of the sites - public forums, where discussion takes place regarding the re-definition of its subject, participating thus actively in the formulation of a collective, inter-local knowledge.

Maria Lafazani, The Transformation of the Educational Space and the Architecture of Information

This particular essay initially refers to the contemporary idea of spatiality and the general exploration of it. The research continues in order to visualize specific spatial forms, structures-cities and their gradual transposition into digital space. Then, we make a reference to the peculiar historical relation between structural materials and the means of transportation, in order to approach new relations and the materials that support them. Confronting the fundamental changes in the perception and essence of space is something that requires immediate revision of the courses of all educational levels, but mainly demands alterations to the image of the educational building itself, indicating the traditional "covering" of knowledge.

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE Cultural Convergence and Digital Technology

The Foundation of the Hellenic World, under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture, organized in Athens, from May 15th to May 17th, an International Conference entitled: Cultural Convergence and Digital Technology.

The aim of the Conference was to demonstrate issues that have to do with the use and dissemination of cultural information through digital technology and its contribution in shaping a new framework of convergence and promotion of different cultures.

    The issues developed in the conference were structured around three units: Cultural institutions, museums and sponsors and digital technology
  • New forms of perceiving and reconstructing space.

Distinguished scientists from Greece and abroad participated in the Conference. We could mention Dominique Mulliez, Director of the French School at Athens, Manfred Thaller, Professor of the University of Cologne, Gianfranco Manes, Professor of the University of Florence, Aggelos Delivorrias, Director of the Benaki Museum, Malamatenia Skaltsa, Professor of Architecture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and Evangelos Livieratos, President of the National center for Maps.

During the Conference three additional lectures were delivered by the architect Andreas Angelidakis, the director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics IGD) Jose Encarnacao and finally, by Tim Berners-Lee, the man who created the World Wide Web, the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium and member of Laboratory for Computer Science of MIT.

Titles of addresses of the International Conference

Marios Kostakis
The Digitization and Presentation of the Greek Cultural Reserve by the Ministry of Culture

Dominique Mulliez
The French School in Athens and New Technologies of Information and Communication

Gianfranco Manes, Antonio Manes
Ambient Intelligence in Cultural Heritage: Putting the Multimedia Access in the Hand of the Visitor

Micael Warlas
New Technologies in the Service of Collective Memory. Public History Programmes at the Foundation of the Hellenic World

Manfred Thaller
All Ideas are Equal. Heterogeneous Access to the Cultural Heritage

George Karagiannis
Cultural Dimensions of Language Technologies

Aikaterini Polimerou-Kamilaki
The Hellenic Folklore Center: Digitalising Traditional Archives

Angelos Delivorrias
New Technologies at the Benaki Museum

Dr. Andromachi Gazi, Alexandra Nikiforidou, Dr. Theano Mousouri
The Role of New Technologies in Exhibition Design. An Insight into the Exhibition: "Is there an Answer to Everything? A Journey to the World of Greek Mathematics"

Dimitris Efraimoglou
Where New Technologies Meet Culture. The example of Hellenic Cosmos

Panos Constantopoulos
Digital Material: The Immaterial Treasure Hunt

Malamatenia Scaltsa, Niki Nikonanou, Konstantinos Arvanitis
Technomania - Technophobia

Evangelo Livieratos
The Digital Imaging Continuum in Integrating Spatial Depictions, Representations and Mappings

Dr. Martin Doerr
A Dinosaur is not a Monet - Diversity and Integration of Cultural Documentation

Dr. George Sidiropoulos
Virtual cartography and cultural monuments

Vaggelis Christodoulou
The Use of 3D Graphics in the Reconstruction of Archaeological Sites

Vassilis Pappas
Geographic Information Systems in the Greek Context

Dimitris Papalexopoulos
New Forms of Representation - New Forms of Space

Υichael Fotiadis & Associates
The New Acropolis Museum

Andreas Aggelidakis
Building the Internet

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