The Greek-Bulgarian crisis of 1925

The Greek-Bulgarian crisis of 1925 was a characteristic example of border conflict in the inter-war period. The murder of a Greek captain and two soldiers induced the dictator Theodoros Pangalos to order an incursion into Bulgarian territory. Undoubtedly, the relations between Greece and Bulgaria had been strained since the start of the 20th century, and there had been several felicitous and unfortunate moments based on the common factor of their activities over the Macedonian issue. The incorporation of southern Macedonia within Greek national boundaries did not completely quosh Bulgarian aspirations.
The harassing activity of groups of Komitadjis fell within this framework. Nevertheless, the impulsive Pangalos considered the incident to be part of a wider plan of invasion, despite the limited military alertness of the neighbouring country. The intervention of the League of Nations prevented the escalation of the clash. The instruments of the international organization, after an on-the-spot investigation, decided the level of reparations. The conflict ended peacefully, but the settlement did not suffice to convince the weakest countries of Europe about the overall effectiveness and impartiality of the League of Nations.