§ 1
Enlarged Photograph (56kB)

The demand for the inter-Balkan cooperation

The country's international relations

The Greek foreign policy, 1936-1944
The domestic political sceneryThe imposition of the 4th of August dictatorship

The domestic political scenery

The domestic political scenery was altered dramatically during 1936. The political impasse after the elections of January 1936 and the sudden death of the new Prime Minister, M. Demertzis, put the until then Deputy Prime Minister, I. Metaxas, in charge of a government with extraordinary powers for a period of five months, and in the explicit understanding that it would lead the country to free elections by autumn. Two months earlier, in November 1935, a plebiscite had decided the return of King George II to the throne of Greece, in spite of protests from the opposition about violations of the constitution and use of intimidation tactics by the pro-monarchical camp. The return, however, of George II led to the aggravation of the atmosphere of national division.

The decision of the new Metaxas government to suspend the parliamentary function moved the expression of opposition to extra-parliamentary forms of political protest and active disobedience. The efforts of the government to appease and curtail the oppositional attitude of labour organisations were rejected by the opposition because of the insistence of government legislation on compulsory arbitration of labour differences and tighter control of state funding to the trade unions.

Home Page of ΙΜΕ
Home PagePhotographsBibliographyCreative Team
International treaties and Greek foreign policy before 1936 The foreign policy of Ioannis Metaxas The beginning of the Second World War The war of the Axis against Greece The period of Occupation (1941-44) The war and the liberation The postwar reality Home Page