Caricin Grad

Justiniana Prima, the city of Justinian
  Built by Justinian to honor his own birthplace, Justiniana Prima was a fortified city of modest size soon to be made the seat of the archibishop of Illyricum. Originally, it consisted of an acropolis and an upper' city, the former occupied by an episcopal cathedral and palace. Although, the upper' city features the customary colonnaded cardo and decumanus, their intersection marked by a large circular plaza, it retreats from traditional urban planning. A few urban mansions, military headquarters, and several large churches occupied most of the enclosed area, leaving little space for housing and recreational facilities. Justiniana Prima was more of a monumental complex serving an ecclesiastical, military and civil administration, rather than a proper city. Its predominantly rural population lived mostly outside the walls where the only public bathhouse is to be found. In the late sixth century, under Justin II (565-578), the lower' city was fortified in order to accomodate an increasing number of people seeking protection from alien invaders. At the same time, traditional urbanism declined as private individuals set up their homes and workshops on every inch of available space. Shacks of wood or stone built near the fortifications, around churches, inside atria and porticoes, housed bakers, silversmiths, blacksmiths, potters, carpenters, and furriers. Existing buildings were adapted to new purposes. Walls were erected inside the public bathhouse in order to create additional living quarters. A kiln was installed in the episcopal palace. Before the city was abandoned, in the seventh century, its urban nature had given way to a marked rural character.

See also: Urban Planning; Urban environment