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Political history (1204-1453)

  • Ahrweiler, H., Byzance et la mer. La marine de guerre. La politique et les institutions maritimes de Byzance aux VIIe-XVe siecles, Bibliotheque byzantine, Etudes 5, Paris 1966.
  • Ahrweiler, H. "L'experience Niceene", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 29, 1975, 23-40.
  • Ahrweiler-Glykatzi, E., "He autokratoria tou mikrasiatikou hellenismou", Historia tou Hellenikou Ethnous, 9, Athens 1979, 106-115.
  • Angold, M., A Byzantine Government in Exile. Government and Society under the Laskarids of Nicaea (1204-1261), Oxford 1975.
  • Angold, M., "Administration of the Empire of Nicaea", Byzantinische Forschungen 19, 1993, 127-138.
  • Bartusis, M., The Late Byzantine Army. Arms and Society, 1204-1453, Philadelphia 1992.
  • Charanis, P., "On the Social Structure and Economic Organisation of the Byzantine Empire in the Thirteenth Century and Later", in: Social, Economic and Political Life in the Byzantine Empire, Variorum Reprints, London 1973, IV.
  • Foss, C., "Late Byzantine Fortifications in Lydia", in: Cities, Fortresses and Villages of Byzantine Asia Minor, Variorum, London 1996, VI.
  • Gardner, A., The Laskarids of Nicaea, London 1912.
  • Geanakoplos, D.J., Ho autokrator Michael Palaiologos kai he Dysis (1258-1282), (translation by K. Politi), Athens 1969.
  • Glykatzi-Ahrweiler, H., "La politique agraire des empereurs de Nicee", Byzantion 28, 1958, 51-66.
  • Hendy, M., Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261, Washington 1969.
  • Inalcik, H., An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, Cambridge 1997.
  • Karayannopoulos, I., To Byzantino Kratos, Thessalonike 1996.
  • Laiou, A.E., Constantinople and the Latins: The Foreign Policy of Andronicus II, 1281-1328, Cambridge 1972.
  • Langdon, J., Byzantium's Last Imperial Offensive in Asia Minor: The Documentary Evidence for and Hagiographical Lore about John III Ducas Vatatzes' Crusade against the Turks, 1222 or 1225 to 1231, New Rochelle 1992.
  • Loenertz, R.-J., "Aux origines du despotat d'Epire et de la principaute d'Achaie", Byzantion 43, 1973, 360-394.
  • Matschke, K.-P., "Notes on the Economic Establishment and Social Order of the Late Byzantine kephalai", Byzantinische Forschungen 19, 1993, 139-143.
  • Neratzi-Varmazi, V., To Byzantio kai he Dysi (1354-1369). Symbole sten historia ton proton hronon tes monokratorias tou Ioanne E' Palaiologou, Society of Byzantine Research 10, Thessalonike 1993.
  • Nicol, D., "Apo ten Alose os ten anaktese tes Konstantinoupoleos (1204-1261)", Historia tou Hellenikou Ethnous, 9, Athens 1979, 76-106
  • Nicol, D., The Despotate of Epiros 1267-1479, Cambridge 1984.
  • Nicol, D., The Immortal Emperor. The Life and Legend of Constantine Palaiologos, Last Emperor of the Romans, Cambridge 1992.
  • Nicol, D., Hoi teleutaioi aiones tou Byzantiou, 1261-1453, (translation by Stathis Komnenos), Athens 1996.
  • Nicol, D., The Reluctant Emperor: a Biography of John Cantacuzene, Byzantine Emperor and Monk, c. 1295-1383, Cambridge 1996.
  • Norwich, J., Byzantium. The Decline and Fall, London 1995.
  • Oikonomides, N., "La chancellerie imperiale de Byzance du XIIIe au XVe siecle", Revue des Etudes Byzantines 43, 1985, 167-195.
  • Ostrogorsky, G., Historia tou byzantinou kratous, (translation by I. Panagopoulou), 3, Athens 1993.
  • Radic, R., The Time of John V Paleologos, 1332-1391, Institute for Byzantine Studies and Arts, Studies 19, Belgrade 1993.
  • Raybaud, L.-P., Le gouvernement et l'administration centrale de l'empire byzantin sous les premiers Paleologues (1258-1354), Paris 1968.
  • Savvides, A.G., Byzantina stasiastika kai autonomistika kinemata sta Dodekanesa kai ste Mikra Asia, 1189-c. 1240 .., Athens 1987.
  • Setton, K., The Papacy and the Levant (1204-1371), I, The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries, Philadelphia 1976.
  • Stavridou-Zafraka, A., Nikaia kai Epiros ton 13o aiona. Ideologike antiparathese sten prospatheia tous na anaktesoun ten autokratoria, Society of Byzantine Research 7, Thessalonike 1991.
  • Talbot, A.-M., "The Restoration of Constantinople under Michael VIII", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 47, 1993, 243-261.
  • Vacalopoulos, A.E., Origins of the Greek Nation. The Byzantine Period, 1204-1461, New Jersey 1970.
  • Vryonis, S., He parakme tou Mesaionikou Hellenismou sten Mikra Asia kai he diadikasia exislamismou (11s-15s .), (translation by K. Galatariotou), Athens 1996.
  • Zachariadou, E., "The Emirate of Karasi and that of the Ottomans: Two Rival States", in The Ottoman Emirate (1300-1389), Rethymnon 1993, 225-236.