Museum Floor Plan
In the next rooms (C-F), we can pursue the Greek revolution from its declaration, in 1821, until the sea battle of Navarino,
in 1827. A many-sided vision of the struggle for independence is offered to the visitor through oil portraits of the fighters
of 1821 from the Greek mainland and the islands, as well as of philellenes, which are works by renowned Greek painters,
fighters' arms, elements of their uniforms, personal objects, paintings and engravings depicting battles and sea battles.
In the third room, there are memorabilia belonging to the powerful military forces of the Greek nation, the famous armatoloi
(military chiefs) and the heroic people of Souli, in Epirus, who, during the times of slavery, kept the idea of independence
alive. When the revolution was declared, these brave men took the whole weight of the fight on the mainland on their shoulders
and became the glorious heroes and fighters of 1821. Characteristic items in display are the weaponry belonging to members of
the Zervas' and Tzavellas' families, extraordinary specimens of the metallurgy in Epirus, together with personal objects of
The room also hosts eight paintings on wood, the only ones extant from the total of 24 made "according to the understanding
of and inspired by" General Makrigiannis, which depict battles and sea battles of the struggle. The paintings are by
Dimitrios Zografos in an old byzantine technique. A similar series of compositions referring to the struggle in a different
spirit and style were published in colour lithographs by Alexander Isaias (teacher in one of the first schools of the
newly-established Greek state). In this room, too, there are banners of the revolution, coming from various areas (the
Peloponnese, Cyprus, etc.).
The personal seal of Odysseus Androutsos, the ring of Theodoros Kolokotronis, and various personal objects of well-known
fighters and political figures comprise another category of memorabilia and miniatures of the period. The heroic death of
Markos Botsaris in the field of battle with the Turks in 1823, inspired Athanasios Iatridis to create four ink drawings on
the subject. Together with them is displayed the enemy lead shot that shot the hero on the forehead, part of his turban, as
well as an autograph, written in 1803 on the wooden case of a religious book. Beside these items, there is a mould for lead
shots and a measure for gunpowder, products of the legendary gunpowder mills of the revolution.
The strong link between the various communities under Turkish rule is underlined by memorabilia such as the communal seals
of Psara and of Hydra. Many of these bear the characteristic inscription "Seal of Freedom", as do the ones from Athens and
Magnesia, reminding us of the administrative organisation of Greeks during the first years of the revolution.