This decade, which essentially came to an end with the military coup of 1967, was especially
important regarding literary production. In poetry, the 30s generation achieved remarkable
creative accomplishments. G. Ritsos, Ï. Elytis, Á. Empirikos, Í. G. Pentzikis published
some of their most mature works. Undoubtedly, the supreme moment of recognition of high
quality poetry produced in that period was the Nobel Prize award to G. Seferis in 1963.
At the same time, the second postwar generation expressed in a more direct way the social
and ideological changes of its world. The most typical representatives were V. Vasilikos,
M. Koumantareas, N. A. Aslanoglou, N. Christianopoulos, M. Chakkas etc. Works such as The
Third Wedding by K. Tachtsis became very popular after their publication, whereas The End
of Our Small Town by D. Chatzis marked the end of prewar prose. Lastly, the publication
of the trilogy Drifting Cities by S. Tsirkas by marrying history with literature introduced
new ways of narration and constituted the point of reference for postwar production.
The dictatorship of 1967 brought a dark cloud over the intellectual production since the
overwhelming majority of writers, when they were not in prison (Ritsos, Vournas etc.) or
in exile (Patrikios, Alexandrou etc.), censored themselves. The regime's prohibitions led
to symbolic acts of protest by the intelligentsia, culminating in the public denouncement
by G. Seferis (March 1969).