A lot of information about the society of
The higher grade of hierarchy was occupied by the king. When the Ptolemies settled in Egypt, they adopted the
Although native Egyptians constituted the larger part of the kingdom's population, immigrants of different nationalities settled there from the beginning of the
Foreigners had certain privileges allotted to them by the king, such as the trial of their cases by special courts, but they were obliged to pay taxes and were liable to the restriction of monopolies. Greeks who lived in cities and rural regions had maintained certain of their institutions, such as the gymnasium, while their legal code had been adopted by the royal administration. Native people had their own courts and often conducted trial proceedings without taking into account the royal orders and regulations.
Greeks and other immigrants who had settled in Egypt could ascend to high military and administrative offices. However, even the less privileged portion of foreigners who were involved in agriculture in the rural regions of the
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Note: Click on the small photo to enlarge it.
01. Papyrus from Egypt, which contains a letter by a worker to his wife.
02. The Ptolemaic
03. Detail from a mosaic from Palestrina, which depicts an idyllic landscape in Egypt. Photo: scene from everyday life of the Egyptians.