Weaving and basketry are crafts that cannot be directly recorded in archaeological finds, since their products, textiles and straw mats, are organic and therefore perishable materials that do not endure. The practice of these crafts is indirectly confirmed though from our knowledge of flora (reeds, flax) and fauna (sheep and goats) of this period, from imprints left at the base of vases, but also from clay and bone tools directly associated with the process of the preparation of the raw materials (spindle whorls), weaving and sewing (bone needles).

Clothes, textiles and straw mats hold a prominent place in the daily life of Neolithic farmers. Woven carpets, covers, straw mats, baskets, nets, ropes etc. presuppose the participation of a greater number of family members, since the acquisition of the raw materials (sheep and goats shearing), wool spinning for the production of fibres, cleaning, dyeing and weaving were processes which were particularly time-consuming.

The main weaving fibres were flax and wool. The use of flax came earlier than that of wool and predominated during the Neolithic Period. Coarse textiles were used in the manufacture of coarse vases, on the bases and sides of which their imprints have remained. From these it is assumed that there were two ways of weaving during the Neolithic, simple and diagonal weave. For the decorative patterns of textiles, information has been drawn mainly from the linear and "woven" decorative patterns of the painted ware of the Middle Neolithic, as well as from anthropomorphic figurines, whose clothes are depicted with colour or incisions.

Basketry was a craft related to but less time-consuming than weaving. It required skill, but fewer tools though for its execution. Baskets for storing goods, straw mats for resting, thick mats used as partitions in houses, fine nets for fishing, hunting and animal husbandry (cheese-making) were some of the main products of basketry. Imprints from straw mats have survived on the bases of coarse ware, which it is assumed were placed on straw mats or coarse textiles to dry.